Alaska Film Archives

[1969 North American Sled Dog Championship Race - Fairbanks, Alaska]
[1969 North American Sled Dog Championship Race - Fairbanks, Alaska]
These scenes from the 1969 North American Championship Sled Dog Races in Fairbanks, Alaska, filmed by Fairbanks photographer Richard L. Hansen, include: an Alaska Dog Mushers Association sign; a Sled Dog Races Sweepstakes sign; dogs in dog boxes on a truck; a truck with Malamak logos; a man removing dogs from dog boxes and placing dogs in harness; a race board with names including Lombard, Attla, Redington, Shepard, Taylor, Nayokpuk, McDougall, Lake, and Folger; a race announcer; a drum filled with slips of paper for a drawing; spectators watching as the race starts under snowy conditions; a variety of dogs in harnesses; spectators buying and eating cotton candy; close-up views of dogs; a close-up view of a Fairbanks Dog Mushers Association patch on a man’s coat; many people in colorful parkas and boots; dogs rolling in snow; a sign for George Attla sponsored by J.C. Penney Co.; mushers; a truck for Wright's Aurora Huskies; and dogs peeking out of dog boxes on a truck.
[1971 Fairbanks news stories]
[1971 Fairbanks news stories]
This film contains news stories from 1971. Footage and stories include Larry Holmstrom interviewing tourists in a motorhome caravan and at Norlite Campground. Larry Carpenter presents a story on Manley Hot Springs that aired in July 1971. Footage includes the springs, the town, and several residents. Residents identified include Gus Benson, Bob Lee, and Bob "Whitey" Yule. Additional footage includes a report on a water project in Hamilton Acres in Fairbanks, a story about life in Mekoryuk village on Nunivak Island, and adult bicycle riding in Fairbanks in September 1971. People identified in the bicycle story include C.B. Bettisworth, Carol Bettisworth, Alexander Bettisworth, Amy Bettisworth, Andy Kleinfleld, Dr. William James, Geraldine James, Adam James, John James, and Mrs. James.
[1971 KTVF news stories]
[1971 KTVF news stories]
Some segments of film contain audio, and others are silent. Specific dates and other information noted on the original film are given here in parentheses. Footage includes a man speaking to a large gathering of people (undated) (silent), a student named Michael being interviewed about being expelled from school because of his refusal to cut his hair (story titled "Breeze") (1971) (sound), a man working with a radio antenna, men looking at an Alaska map, a man describing the Geophysical Institute's Biomedical Program and explaining how medical aid stations in Alaska villages can get medical information over the radio network (December 6, 1971) (sound), a story about Eneput Children's Center, women cooking, children playing (December 4, 1971) (sound), a man being interviewed about construction delays at the new Yak Estates Apartments in Fairbanks (December 7, 1971) (sound), students standing outside on a cold day, Nanooks basketball game scenes (1971) (silent), a man being interviewed about an Alaska Supreme Court Case involving charges of incompetence and immorality against a school principal (undated) (sound), children posing in a Nativity scene at First Baptist Church (1971) (sound), a story about a new training program for carpenters and journeymen (undated) (sound), men in a meeting (undated) (silent), statuettes of a gold panner being handed out at a ceremony, a story about an Alaskaland celebration (undated) (sound), children lining up to see Santa at Alaskaland Civic Center (undated) (sound), a man being interviewed about a court case involving charges against a school principal (undated) (sound), men being interviewed about police training, Lathrop High School students being interviewed about a student trooper program (1971) (sound), people in a meeting (1971) (silent), a man being interviewed about MUS Power Plant operations as men work at a coal chute and control panel (undated) (sound), people decorating a Christmas tree, men working on the pipeline, the BP building, and a cook making a meal menu (story titled "Arctic Christmas") (undated) (silent).
[1977 Yukon 800]
[1977 Yukon 800]
Footage includes aerial views of Yukon 800 riverboats starting on the Chena River in Fairbanks, aerial shots of boats racing along the river, Jim Movius being interviewed by Ted Lehne in Galena, the re-start of the race in Galena, and aerial views of Pike's Landing and boats at the finish line.
[1977 Yukon 800 - 2]
[1977 Yukon 800 - 2]
This footage was filmed prior to and during the Yukon 800 riverboat race. Footage includes boats and spectators at Pike's Landing on the Chena River, racer Moe Samuelson being interviewed about boat construction and the race while showing different parts of his race boat (Slo-Mo's Kayak II) to reporter Ann Handley, spectators waiting for boats in Galena, boats arriving in Galena on 6/25/77, aerial views of the Tanana River, spectators in Tanana watching boats pass by, spectators and race boats at Pike's Landing on the Chena River, the airport and spectators in Tanana (?), Jim Movius crossing the finish line in the winning boat, and Jim Movius being interviewed about the race by reporter Chuck Benson.
[Alaska Native Land Claims symposium]
[Alaska Native Land Claims symposium]
AAF-13175 is a 1/2-inch open reel videotape labeled "Alaska Native Land Claims Symposium, speaker: Neil Bassett representing USDI-BLM, Master." A representative from the U.S. Department of the Interior/Bureau of Land Managament speaks during a symposium on Alaska Native lands claims.
Alaska pipeline report
Alaska pipeline report
This film was produced to chronicle construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. This copy was made for broadcast in Portland, Oregon. Ted Lehne introduces segments narrated by reporters Terry Foster and Richard Fineberg. People interviewed include Rod Higgins (supervisor of construction at Pump Station 8), Ken Rither (mayor of North Pole), Jerry Storey (Principal of the Delta School), and Delta businessman Bob Cramer. Footage includes pipeline construction, VSM construction, pump station construction, and buildings in Delta Junction.
Alaska Review 40- part 1
Alaska Review 40- part 1
In this video, host Pete Carran of KAKM-TV talks with John Havelock, director of legal studies for the Justice Center of the University of Alaska in Anchorage. Havelock gives an overview of the history of cameras in the courtroom and discusses issues relevant to the Williams v. Zobel case. Reporter Carroll Hodge of KAKM-TV interviews State Supreme Court Justice Jay Rabinowitz about cameras in the courtroom. Plaintiff Ronald Zobel is interviewed about the case he and his wife Patricia have brought before the court. Judge Ralph Moody is shown and quoted. An assistant attorney general for the state is interviewed. The Zobels' attorney, Mark Sandberg, is interviewed. Counsel for the State, Avrum Gross, is interviewed. Governor Jay Hammond is interviewed. John Havelock discusses each of the justices of the State Supreme Court: Chief Justice Jay Rabinowitz, Justice Edmund Burke, Justice Roger Connor, Justice Warren Matthews, Justice Robert Boochever, and former Justice Diamond as photos of the judges are shown. Counsels for the State, Assistant Attorney General Susan Burke and former State Attorney General Avrum Gross, present arguments for the State of Alaska during a live broadcast of the court proceeding.
Alaska Review 40- part 2
Alaska Review 40- part 2
In this video, counsel for the State Avrum Gross continues his presentation of arguments for the State of Alaska. The program host, Pete Carran of KAKM-TV, discusses the first portion of the proceeding with John Havelock, director of legal studies for the Justice Center of the University of Alaska in Anchorage. Previously recorded man-on-the-street interviews regarding Alaskans' thoughts on the case are shown. Mark Sandberg, attorney for the Zobels, delivers his arguments before the court. Counsel for the State Avrum Gross delivers the State's rebuttal.
Alaska Review 40- part 3
Alaska Review 40- part 3
In this video, counsel for the State Avrum Gross finishes delivering the State's rebuttal, and the court is adjourned. Host Pete Carran of KAKM-TV discusses the proceeding with John Havelock, director of legal studies for the Justice Center of the University of Alaska in Anchorage, as highlights from the proceeding are shown. Reporter Carroll Hodge of KAKM-TV interviews: Mark Sandberg, attorney for the Zobels; plaintiffs Ronald and Patricia Zobel; and Counsels for the State Susan Burke and Avrum Gross.
Alaska, The Great Land
Alaska, The Great Land
Footage includes historic photos, a gold dredge, an oil drill rig, a coal mine, a gravel conveyor, Matanuska Valley farms, salmon king crab and halibut fisheries, a pulp mill, Wien aircraft, Native dancers, and scenery. Footage of towns and cities include Wrangell, Petersburg, Ketchikan, Sitka, Juneau, Fairbanks, University of Alaska campus, Point Barrow, Kotzebue, Nome, Prince William Sound, Valdez, Seward, Kenai, and Anchorage. Earthquake footage includes scenes from Anchorage and Seward. Towns shown following the earthquake include Anchorage, Whittier, Valdez, Seward, and Kodiak. During the program, Governor Egan speaks and accounts of the earthquake are told by survivors.
[Alaska Visitors Association film]
[Alaska Visitors Association film]
This 35mm film from the Alaska Visitors Association shows eagles, whales, rivers, sled dog teams, aerial views, mountains, seals, hills, forests, moose, sheep, caribou, geese, rivers, ducks, bears, a cruise ship, fish, Prince William Sound, totem poles, a blanket toss, Alaska Native peoples, recreational activities, and waterfalls. A narrator encourages people to visit Alaska following the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
[Alyeska pipeline start-up raw footage from 1977]
[Alyeska pipeline start-up raw footage from 1977]
Footage includes reporter Ted Lehne speaking about the start-up of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, scenes of the pipeline in various locations, Yukon River Bridge, Ted Lehne interviewing Dr. Darch about the start-up of the pipeline and refinery construction in North Pole as well as about a possible gas pipeline (sound), views of the pipeline and pump stations, and a pipeline pig.
Arctic Haze
Arctic Haze
A documentary about the spread of air pollution into the Arctic from Europe and the Soviet Union. Scientists from around the world work to understand and solve air pollution problems in Alaska and across Northern regions that are caused by industrialization thousands of miles away. Those interviewed include: Matthew Bean of Bethel, Dr. Glenn E. Shaw of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska bush pilot Dennis Miller, Dr. Kenneth A. Rahn of the University of Rhode Island, Dr. Daniel Jaffe of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Dr. Brynjulf Ottar of the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Dr. Tom E. Osterkamp of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Dr. Juan G. Roederer of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission, and others. Air pollution, acid rain, ozone depletion, the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change are all terms that are discussed. The program includes views of tundra regions, research laboratories, and a government observatory for monitoring climatic change located at Barrow.
[Battle of the books, Kilbuck and Tooksook Bay schools]
[Battle of the books, Kilbuck and Tooksook Bay schools]
This videotape is labeled "LKSD Battle of the Books Reel 2, Tooksook, 2/13/01." Diana Wibers serves as moderator for the school district's Battle of the Books final between third and fourth grade teams from Kilbuck School in Bethel and Tooksook Bay. This is followed by a partial program about the writing center.
[Bethel Alternative Boarding School student discussion]
[Bethel Alternative Boarding School student discussion]
This videotape is labeled "BABS video, Time: 11:55." According to notes accompanying the collection, the video is about the Bethel Alternative Boarding School, later known as the Kuskokwim Learning Academy. It contains footage of students talking about drinking and alcohol issues.
[Bilingual education and Teacher Corps guidelines]
[Bilingual education and Teacher Corps guidelines]
AAF-13167 is a 1/2-inch open reel videotape labeled "John Collier Dec 10 PM Session, #1 Navajo Indian Community, #2 Mic Murphy and Interior Council and voting for [illegible], #3 Presentation of [illegible] to mic, Ray and [illegible] - miscellaneous candid shots of group." It contains scenes of speakers talking to college students or new teachers prior to their returning to communities. Topics include bilingual education for Native American students and Teacher Corps guidelines.
[Boat race, Jim O'Sullivan interview]
[Boat race, Jim O'Sullivan interview]
Specific dates and other information noted on the original film are given here in parentheses. The footage features a boat race, men climbing out of a boat as spectators on the river bank watch, Jim O'Sullivan being interviewed in an office about his election campaign for state legislature (title of segment is "Jim O' Sullivan and Boat Race") (June 20, 1976).
[Burrows Advertising commercials 1]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 1]
AAF-16092 is labeled, “Burrows No. 1 - Bill Burrows Master Edit Tape” and contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials from about 1989: Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron - Dairy Queen Parfait; J.C. Penney - Jewelry; Tesco - Parts; J.C. Penney - Fall Wardrobe; Mike’s Chevron - Air Conditioning July 1988; Young’s Gear and Drivelines 1 to 3 - Spring 1989; Tip Top Chevrolet - Indiana Jones; Auto Service Company - What It Takes and Reasons; Tip Top Chevrolet - No Fine Print No. 1; Compeau’s - Skidoo Long Track and Performance; Auto Service Company - Service; Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron - Dairy Queen Sundae Paper Bag; Auto Service Company - August All Trac; and Tip Top Chevrolet - 1989 Sellathon.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 2]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 2]
AAF-16093 is labeled, “Burrows No. 2 - Bill Burrows Edit Master 9/89,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials from 1989: Tip Top Chevrolet - Set Your Sights; Auto Service Company - Touch Down 1 and 2 and Cars Stacking; Mike’s Chevron - Atlas Tire Sale; Tip Top Chevrolet - Last Crusade and Anniversary ’57 Chevy; Young’s Gear and Drivelines - Positraction; Auto Service Company - Year End Clearance; Tip Top Chevrolet - 1990 Excited Lumina, 1990 Excited Tracker, 1990 Excited Storm, 1990 Excited 10 seconds, Bear Tracker, and Christmas 30 seconds and 10 seconds; Young’s Gear and Drivelines - C.V. Special; Tip Top Chevrolet - Back to the Future; Tesco - Electronics and Design and Parts; Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron - Super Dog; Tip Top Chevrolet - Anniversary 1990 [producer notes indicate this spot is “ok to use for 1993 sale”]; Campbell Sports - Pre-Season Bike; FLOT - Opera; Campbell Sports - Screens, Pre-Season Softball, and 90 Days; Dairy Queen 50 year anniversary; and Tip Top Chevrolet.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 3]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 3]
AAF-16094 is labeled, “Burrows No. 3 - Bill Burrows Edit Master” and contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials from about 1990: Campbell’s Sports - Cycle Madness; Mike’s Chevron - U-Haul; Young’s Gear and Drivelines - Full Load; Cambell’s Sports - Rental and Trek Fest; Mike’s Chevron - Tire Sale 2; Tip Top Chevrolet - Reasons (with Roy, Deb, Ron, and Phil), Reasons (with Steve, Pat, Royce, and Larry), Reasons (with Jim, Scotty, Ron, and Roy), and Reasons (with Ralph the Dog); Fairbanks Camper Sales - Flair; Tip Top Chevrolet - Dick Tracy; Mike’s Chevron and Dal’s Chevron - Troy Dairy Queen; Tip Top Chevrolet - Golden Days 1990; Auto Service Company - Calibre; Compeau’s; Auto Service Company - No Trouble; Mike’s Chevron - Full Service; Tip Top Chevrolet - Southside and Bunny Hops Stationery; Campbell’s Sports - Season; Pike’s Landing - Menu 1 and 2; Mike’s Chevron - Atlas Tires; Sourdough Fuel - Saver; Tip Top Chevrolet - Mission, New Showroom 30 seconds, New Showroom 10 seconds 1 and 2; Shoppers Forum - Family 1 and 2; Tesco - Parts, Lighting, and Electronics; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Christmas Gift; Shoppers Forum - Yes Virginia 1-3; Compeau’s - Christmas Package; Campell’s Sports - Kids; and portion of car commercial rap.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 4]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 4]
AAF-16095 is labeled, “Bill Burrows Edit Master No. 4,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials from about 1991: Auto Service Company - Roof Cave In; Tip Top Chevrolet - Top Rock II; Compeau’s Winter Break I to III; Tesco - Cool Down Sale and Lightolier; Auto Service Company - Back in Showroom; Mike’s Chevron - Warm Memories; Auto Service Company - Time to Sell and Compare Camry; Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron - Mini Service and Quarter Pounder; Tip Top Chevrolet - Feeling Good New Car and Feeling Good Warm Weather; Auto Service Company (two commercials); Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron; Tip Top Chevrolet and Jaybird’s Wing World; Tip Top Chevrolet - Feel Good, and I Feel Good I and II; U-Save Auto Rental; Auto Service Company - Goodyear 1991, New Look and Eagle 1991; Tip Top Chevrolet - Robby Hood; Auto Service Company - Paseao; Fairbanks Fourth of July Celebration; Sourdough Fuel - Responsibility and Dependability; Auto Service Company - Great Day; Campbell’s Sports - Huffy Throw; Tip Top Chevrolet - Determinator; Jackovich - Summer; Young’s Gear and Drivelines - New Location; Compeau’s - Fair; Sourdough Fuel - Pancakes; Tip Top Chevrolet - Southside 1991; Auto Service Company - Tercel; Mike’s Chevron and Dale’s Chevron - McDonald’s Shake; Sourdough Fuel - Bill G; Tip Top Chevrolet - Used Car 1991; and Compeau’s - Ice Breaker.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 5]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 5]
AAF-16096 is labeled, “Bill Burrows Edit Master No. 5,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials and political campaign commercials from about 1991 and 1992: Bonnie Williams for Fairbanks North Star Borough Mayor - Shooting Range, Leadership, Carlson Center, Education and Schools, and Call; Sue Wilken for School Board Seat A, Fairbanks - Home and Bio; Hops Stationery - Dayrunner; Auto Service Company - Camry; Tip Top Chevrolet - Addams Family; Compeau’s - History and Bush; Hops Stationery - Halloween; U-Save Auto Rental - No. 2; Auto Service Company - 4 Runner; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Christmas; Shoppers Forum - 1 and 2; Hops Stationery - Christmas 1 and 2; Tip Top Chevrolet - Star Trek; Young’s Gear and Drivelines - U Bolt; Auto Service Company - Previa; Tip Top Chevrolet - Funnin’ 1; Compeau’s - Boat Save 1992; Tip Top Chevrolet - Captain Hook; Jackovich - Winters Worst I and II; Tesco Electrifying and Candle Power; Tip Top Chevrolet - Serious and Test Drive; Compeau’s; Pike’s Landing; and Tip Top Chevrolet - Used Car Roundup.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 6]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 6]
AAF-16097 is labeled, “Bill Burrows No. 6,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials and political campaign commercials from about 1992: Compeau’s - Air Chair Fun and Pike’s Boat Show; Tip Top Chevrolet - H. Robby Ginther, James Bond 007 1-3; Jackovich - Trimmers, and Firefighter; Compeau’s - Summer Generic 1992; Pike’s Landing - Champagne Summer Brunch; Jackovich - Enviroflex and Weather Promo; Tanana Valley State Fair 1992; Compeau’s - Boat 1992 Fair and After Fair; Factory Direct Furniture - $100, Free Lunch, and No Compromise; Compeau’s - Skidoo Fair and Skidoo After; Tom Brice for State House - Bio, Dirty Job, Tools, Dreams, Testimonial 1 Valerie Therrien, Testimonial 2 Howard Cutler, Testimonial 3 Catey Barber, and UAF; and Sourdough Fuel - Bigger, Auto Delivery and Service.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 7]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 7]
AAF-16098 is labeled, “Bill Burrow Edit Master 7,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials and political campaign commercials from about 1992: Tip Top Chevrolet - Quantum Leap; Don Gray for State House District 32 - Bio, Double Shift, More than Education, Resume, James Ranney, and Carol Rombers [sp?]; Northern Power Sports - Yamaha and Arctic Cat; Mike’s Chevron - Atlas Tires; Chevron Dealers - Atlas Tires; Valerie Therrien for Fairbanks North Star Borough Assembly - Hard Work, Served Who, Sacrificed, John Davies, and Testimonial 1 and 2; Juanita Helms for State Senate - Life Story, Pictures, and No Denali; Family Shoe Store; Juanita Helms for State Senate - Influence and Bettye; Tom Brice for State House - Fight Fair; Samson - Makita 1 and 2; Compeau’s - Christmas 1992; Factory Direct Furniture - Rocky I; Jackovich - Weather Promo; 660 AM KFAR - Bill Burrows Promo; Factory Direct Furniture - Gloves Off, Sunline with Mike and Sue Larson, and Snoring; Northern Power Sports - five 30 second commercials; Audio-only for furniture store; and Compeau’s - Skidoo in French.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 8]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 8]
AAF-16099 is labeled, “Burrows Advertising Edit Master No. 9,” and it contains the following Fairbanks-area television commercials from about 1993: Factory Direct Furniture - Shop Around 1 to 4 and SOS 1 and 2; Tip Top Chevrolet - Chevio Bros [Mario Brothers]; Compeau’s - Francais Formula and Francais Summer; Northern Power Sports - Yamaha Surge and Cat Cash; Factory Direct Furniture - Don’t Wait and Two Rooms; M & O Auto Parts - Insert and Plus; Hops Stationery - Christmas Catalog Pre and Post; Tip Top Chevrolet - Hillbillies; Shoppers Forum - Old Friends 1 and 2; Fairbanks Fast Foto; Pike’s Landing - Dinner Special; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Try Harder, and Best Deals 1 and 2; M & O Auto Parts - December Insert 1 and 2; Factory Direct Furniture - Dispersal; University Center - 1 to 3; Tip Top Chevrolet -Year End 1 to 7 [copyright General Motors Corp]; Factory Direct Furniture- Year Ends Upside; Ted Stevens - Silver Anniversary Celebration at Carlson Center; Pike’s Landing - Sports Lounge; Fairbanks Fast Foto - After Christmas; Tip Top Chevrolet - Year in Commercials 1993; and Factory Direct Furniture- Volume Buying.
[Burrows Advertising commercials 9]
[Burrows Advertising commercials 9]
AAF-16100 is labeled, “Burrows Edit Master No. 10 January 1994,” and it contains the following television commercials from about 1994: Compeau’s - Turbojet, Seadoo FL and Seadoo SP; Floormart - Special; Jackovich - Woodpile; Colonel Abner’s Carpet - Clearance; Northern Power Sports - Yamaha Clearance; M&O Auto Parts - Machine Shop; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Mega Stores; University Center - Presidents’ Day; Floormart - Teaser; Compeau’s - Spring Break 1 and 2; University Center - H&R Block and Easter; Woodriver School - Spring Bazaar; Jackovich - Optima; Floormart - Wood; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Think Fast 1 and 2; M&O Auto Parts - National Car Care; University Center 1 - 4; Floorcraft - Stock Exchange; University Center 5 - 8; Fairbanks Fast Foto - Paying Too Much; M&O Auto Parts - North Pole and Open; University Center - 101 Gold Give Away; M&O Auto Parts - Quaker State NP Open; Compeau’s; and Alaska Factory Direct Furniture.
Children of Akiachak
Children of Akiachak
This film was produced by the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, Juneau Area Office, to examine the pilot study of a community child development program in the Alaska village of Akiachak. The bilingual program trained parents to use various methods for teaching their own preschool children. The program emphasized development of language and motor skills in preparation for elementary school.
Children of Eek and their art
Children of Eek and their art
Teacher Paul Forer introduces the school children in Eek to different techniques in drawing pictures.
[Dr. Michael Krauss and Irene Reed lectures]
[Dr. Michael Krauss and Irene Reed lectures]
AAF-13169 is a 1/2-inch open reel videotape labeled "Anth 429 - Lang. in Culture Tape #III - Dr. Michael Krauss, Irene Reed (Master)." Michael Krauss speaks about the number of native speakers of Native American languages and lectures about Native languages of Alaska. He points to a map of Alaska with hand drawn lines. Irene Reed presents an overview of bilingual programs in the state of Alaska. The first 90 seconds of the video contains miscellaneous, unrelated scenes.